Over-exercising is common and ultimately can lead your body to crash. Calmista blogger Charlotte Watts explains how to find the right exercise balance
Here’s a typical scenario I hear; ‘I get up at 6am, commute to work, have a high-demand job, take little time for lunch and then I just feel too tired to exercise at 5pm’. Sounds fair enough when put like that doesn’t it? Our tendencies for over stimulation means that our bodies have to try and conserve energy where they can. Our energies are finite and we wouldn’t expect a device like a smartphone to keep running when its battery was drained.
In my nutrition practice I also see plenty of people (personal trainers included) who push the exercise envelope too hard and are draining their own batteries by doing more and more without resting; quantity over quality often abounds. If an athlete were to do an event like a marathon, they would follow a smart programme of changing exercise levels and the harder they worked, the more rest they would prioritise, as it’s in the resting state where muscle is actually built up stronger after being torn by the challenge of exercise. It’s that strong muscle that makes the body work better.
our brains use up 20% of total body energy at rest and this can rise to almost 70% when we become stressed
So where’s the balance and how can we find the exercise and movement rhythm that suits our lives, energy levels and motivation at any given time? Observing where we overwork and where we underwork in any aspect of our lives – this is a great consideration in yoga postures for instance – is the key to finding a sustainable balance.
Do you tend to over-exercise?
With our culture for ‘pushing on through’ and even viewing our bodies as machines or something to be punished, we can often not listen when all the signals are saying slow down. It’s not that we don’t need to move – that’s always helpful – but regulating what we do for the energy means we can get stronger in the long run instead of running ourselves into the ground. When all the evidence says stress hormones cause weight gain and moderate jogging is shown to be much healthier than more intense runs, its body wisdom to find a beneficial middle ground.
If in circadian rhythm (that refers to our natural body clock rhythm) terms, 5pm is believed to be when we’re at our greatest muscle strength and cardiovascular efficiency, why do we feel like that walk home we promised ourselves seems like a physically impossibility?
Charlene Hutsebaut, personal trainer and fitness consultant for my new book The De-Stress Effect, says to listen to your body and learn when you actually need to rest or do an activity that has less high energy demands, like a non-dynamic form of yoga, pilates or pleasant walk.
Some key signs to dial it down are:
- Feeling heavy and lethargic morning after morning upon waking
- Having a feeling of ‘heavy legs’ day after day
- When trying a light workout, feeling that this strong fatigue or ‘heavy legs’ still exists.
- Feeling exhausted after exercise
Do you tend to stagnate and not move at all?
Yes, rest is highly important, but simply atrophying and falling into a heap on the sofa is also not the answer. If we simply sit all day, no it doesn’t give the signals that movement is the default. Our bodies are designed to move, but the ‘permission to move’ signals from the brain can become interrupted when we’re both inactive and we’ve become energetically drained. When we consider that our brains use up 20 per cent of total body energy at rest and this can rise to almost 70 per cent when we become stressed, we can see how sitting but getting irate or completely tense about a non-physical challenge or conflict (like a work deadline or difficult email exchange) wears us down. Our brains will gobble up those resources, leaving none for the muscles to want to move. That’s how you end up tired and lethargic after a day of not doing very much at all.
Getting up regularly and getting the circulation moving and muscles activated resets communication out to the whole of the body, not just the brain. Some people have called this brain heavy, weakened muscle state ‘geek syndrome’ – it’s great to be effective, but not the expense of our whole body health.
Charlene says that you might be in this camp; actually demotivated and might benefit from movement or some kind of workout if you:
- Fantasise about lying on the sofa instead of doing something active or sociable
- Feel working out is ‘too hard’
- Can come up with detailed excuses to convince yourself that exercise is a bad idea
- Attempt exercise and after about 10 minutes feel a renewed sense of energy – if you don’t feel refreshed after exercise you need more rest
If you can get the exercise balance right, you’ll be feeding new energy and not depleting the few resources you have left. Watch for these indicators that more self-care is needed and a kind attitude is needed towards your body.
3 SIGNS YOUR BODY’S HEADING FOR EXERCISE BURNOUT
Even if one of the below applies to you, you may have pushed the energy balance over into depletion and need to regulate your exercise – and rest – accordingly:
1. YOU WANT JUNK FOOD You know you need densely supportive nutrient-rich food, yet are feeling compelled to fuel up with quick-fix foods (biscuits, cake, chocolate, even white bread) that create an energy spike, followed by a low. If you exercise too high in this state, you’ll send out more signals to fuel up quickly to the brain as you’re burning energy fast. Support the level of movement you do by reducing the sugar you eat.
2. YOU PUSH YOURSELF THROUGH TIREDNESS You need rest, but feel compelled to keep going for fear you’ll crash. Find a middle ground, something that allows you to ease into relaxation. A pleasant walk before rest can then feel like you’ve done something, so if you tend to feel guilty when relaxing you can ease off that self-criticism. Then when you rest, have space – like a Sunday afternoon with nothing planned – where you really can let yourself slump and accept you’re tired. Maybe a book, some music or a nap….
3. YOU USE ARTIFICIAL ‘LIFTS’ When you go into a lull, you panic and reach for the caffeine, cake or do something hyper to force a more energetic state? Letting yourself rest and actually be tired may seem scary at first, but hitting the stimulants to get you to the gym is a false economy. Exercising on high stress hormones isn’t just exhausting, but it’s also inflammatory and makes you more prone to injury and soreness and less able to actually build muscle after and recover fully. Let yourself be the state that you are and then move from that place. Movement close to the ground uses it as a support and means you have to expend less energy lifting yourself up from gravity. Slowing things down can actually create more strength as you have to hold things in place.
CHARLOTTE WATTS’ is nutritionist and yoga teacher whose work has focussed on how nutrition and yoga can meet to help people cope with the type of demands we face in the 21st century. Her practice and teaching of mindfulness weaves these together and has culminated in her new book The De-Stress Effect: Rebalance Your Body’s Systems for Vibrant Health and Happiness. She has also authored The De-Stress Diet (with Anna Magee), 100 Top Recipes for Happy Kids, 100 Best Foods for Pregnancy and 100 Foods to Stay Young.
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