10 foods that increase fertility
As one expert calls for children to be educated about fertility, we bring you a fertility special kicking off with Isabelle Obert, a nutritional consultant and founder of nurtureme.uk a website specialising in nutrition solutions for fertility, on the ten foods proven to increase fertility
I believe passionately that good nutrition is important for ‘good’ fertility. Of course we know that if everyone had to follow a perfect diet in order to conceive then frankly there would be very few kids in the world. Of course we don’t. The problem is that many of us are leaving it until much later to start trying for a family, by which time our fertility may not be what it was. We will have been exposed to more hormone disrupting chemicals, more free radicals to damage egg and sperm quality and of course much more stress which can have wide ranging negative effects on our bodies.
Studies now are suggesting that even grandparental nutritional status during mid-childhood can be linked to mortality in their grandchildren two generations later.
But it is not just that. Surely making a baby is one of the biggest responsibilities we can undertake. So if this is the case, bearing in mind ‘we are what we eat,’ shouldn’t what we put into our bodies be of the utmost importance? Studies are now beginning to show how the health of both the sperm and the egg before they even meet can affect the outcome of the pregnancy and the health of the baby, child and even through to adulthood. Studies now are suggesting that even grandparental nutritional status during mid-childhood can be linked to the mortality risk ratio in their grandchildren two generations later. One could say that you can help to programme the future health of your children using pre-conceptual nutritional care.
The thing is, it can be pretty hard to eat really well all the time. It can also be quite stressful. So my view is, get the good stuff in on a daily basis as much as you can, and allow yourself your treats, a little of what you fancy generally does you good… don’t underestimate the mind/body connection. I also think food should be fun, delicious, moreish, colourful, fantastic! We should live to eat, not eat to live.
get the good stuff in on a daily basis as much as you can, and allow yourself your treats
Below is a list of ten top foods shown to help fertility, plus some tips on what to do with them.
Avocados are nutritional powerhouses packed with minerals, vitamins, essential fats, protein, carbohydrate and fibre. They are a fantastic source of vitamin E which studies have shown can be beneficial in improving endometrial lining (the lining of your uterus) and can also help with embryo implantation which is how a fertilised egg becomes a pregnancy. Avocados are also an excellent source of folate so are an important fertility food and also great during pregnancy as consuming foods high in folate as well as taking a folic acid supplement can help prevent spina bifida.
Top Tip: Choose carefully as a ripe avocado is nectar — sliced onto wholemeal or rye toast, topped with cherry tomatoes, basil and a drizzle of peppery extra virgin olive oil makes a nutritious and delicious breakfast.
2. Butternut Squash
Butternut squash is one of the most nutritious and healthy vegetables you can eat, with a rich array of vitamins, minerals and antioxidants as well as significant amounts of digestible fibre. Rich in beta-carotene which is known to help boost production of the hormone progesterone and increase sperm quality and count, the latter according to a study published in the medical journal Fertility and Sterility in November 2013.
Top Tip: Butternut squash is hugely versatile — it’s delicious roasted with garlic, thyme and black pepper, or spice it up in a warming curry or soup.
A fantastic source of the antioxidant resveratrol thought to help combat against age related infertility, beetroots are also rich in nitrates well known to improve blood flow and often used by athletes for this purpose. I particularly recommend beetroot juice for women undergoing IVF treatment as a way to improve uterine blood flow to help with embryo implantation.
Top Tip: Forget pickled beetroots from school lunch days — try quartering small fresh beetroot, tossing with olive oil, balsamic vinegar and whole garlic cloves. Add some fresh oregano, thyme or marjoram, place in a tinfoil pouch to avoid burning and roast in a hot oven.
Salmon is a great protein source, rich in many nutrients but particularly anti-inflammatory omega 3. Research has shown that optimal levels of omega 3 are important in the management of female infertility. For general health salmon is excellent for the cardiovascular system, boosting brain function and eye health. Ideally it should be wild or organic in order to avoid unnecessary pesticides, fungicides and excessive omega 6 consumption found in conventionally farmed fish.
Top Tip: Salmon works beautifully with oriental flavours — try it grilled with a teriyaki glaze and a crunchy vegetable stir-fry.
Eggs are among the most nutritious foods you can eat — after all, they contain the nutrients to turn a single cell into a baby chicken! They are rich in choline, which studies have shown can have significant positive effects on foetal development that may have a long lasting influence into adult life, according to a study at Cornel University. Eggs are also rich in many different vitamins and minerals as well as essential fats and of course are an excellent source of protein. Not only this, they are good value and have a multitude of uses.
Top a wholemeal English muffin with wilted spinach, a poached egg and some black pepper.
Top Tip: When time and inclination are in short supply, why not top a wholemeal English muffin with wilted spinach, a poached egg and some black pepper for highly nutritious simple supper.
Walnuts are packed with health giving nutrients which include cancer fighting properties (they’re known to reduce prostate and breast cancer risk). They can be beneficial for sperm quality, are excellent sources of omega 3 fats and vitamin E which is great for endometrial health as well as B vitamins and protein. In fact, walnuts could be called ‘king’ among nuts and according to a study by the Society for the Study of Reproduction at UCLA a handful of walnuts daily was linked with increased sperm vitality, motility and morphology.
Top Tip: Eat raw as a simple snack or add flavour and crunch to boost a superfood salad.
This little seed is highly nutritious, a complete protein. It’s gluten free and rich in many minerals and vitamins as well fatty acids and fibre – a great alternative to starchy grains such as couscous and bulgar wheat. A real superfood! The Mediterranean diet is widely recommended for optimal fertility being rich in vegetable proteins, and quinoa makes the perfect addition as it goes without saying protein requirements are raised when trying to conceive and during pregnancy.
The Mediterranean diet is widely recommended for optimal fertility
Top Tip: Quinoa cooks like rice, top with vegetables roasted with plenty of garlic and herbs, drizzle with fruity olive oil and sprinkle with toasted pine nuts for a Mediterranean treat.
Watercress is a member of the cruciferous vegetable family and is rich in many nutrients including vitamin C, vitamin K, calcium, beta-carotene, iron and iodine — which is often lacking in the Western diets of today. Watercress is well known to be a superfood, rich in age defying antioxidants that may help to prevent or slow the oxidative stress induced by free radical damage. Several studies have found watercress has significant anti-cancer properties and can help repair DNA damage.
Several studies have found Watercress to have significant anti-cancer properties and can help repair DNA damage.
Top Tip: What a crime to use just as a garnish — make it the main attraction in soups and salads.
Pomegranates are rich in many nutrients including vitamin C, vitamin K, folic acid and several other vitamins and minerals. They are known to have anti-ageing properties, anti-cancer properties, can be helpful for cardiovascular health and bone health and have anti-inflammatory properties as well as helping boost blood flow. In ancient Persia pomegranates were seen as a symbol of fertility and this still exists today in some countries. In fact, research shows that drinking pomegranate juice during pregnancy may prevent brain damage in babies.
Top Tip: Incorporate pomegranate seeds with quinoa, walnuts and fresh mint for a Middle Eastern experience.
Asparagus is high in the potent antioxidant vitamin C and folate (folic acid) amongst other health giving nutrients and a valuable addition to your diet. The importance of folate is well documented in research for both male and female fertility.
Top Tip: Lightly steam asparagus and dip into boiled eggs, or grill and sprinkle with balsamic vinegar and shavings of parmesan.
Isabelle Obert is a nutrition consultant who has worked at Zita West — one of London’s leading fertility clinics — since 2005, and has helped thousands of couples with her holistic approach to fertility. After her own struggle with fertility, she founded NutureMe with former client Abby Parkes in 2014. The service offers nutritional support for women and couples trying to get pregnant by providing personalized consultations and delivering supplements.
Visit the website at NutureMe.uk.